Upcoming Events
  • Support Group
    Thursday, November 19, 2015

    Domestic Family Violence Program is hosting a support group from 6 pm-8 pm at the Wichita Complex Family Services Building

    Local transportation and child care will be available

    More information can be found in the flyer to the left.


Wichita Language
More Wichita Words
December 2015
Previous MonthNext Month
Wichita Tribes Blog
  • Walk Your Mocs
    November 13, 2015 11:21 AM

    In Recognition of Diabetes Awareness Month and “ROCK YOUR MOCS”  Day the Special Diabetes Program is Hosting a Diabetes Awareness Walk and Rock Your Mocs Contest. Where:  Wichita and Affiliated Tribes Complex When:  10am—12pm Registration:  9am What:  1 mile walk/run and Moccasins contest Health Screening provided Participants receive T-Shirt/Water Bottle Contest for best moccasins Snacks […]

  • AoA Thanksgiving Luncheon
    November 13, 2015 11:17 AM

    AoA Thanksgiving Dinner will be on Thursday, November 19. We invite all Wichita Elders to enjoy this meal with us.

  • Storm Shelter survey
    November 13, 2015 10:14 AM

    Storm Shelter Survey-We have received several of the storm shelter surveys back. Please make sure that you fill out the form that was in the October and November newspapers if you are interested in the Tribe having a storm shelter program. Identifying that there is a need for many helps us put a program in […]

  • Support Group
    September 21, 2015 9:56 AM

  • Food Distribution- Upcoming Cooking Demos
    August 31, 2015 1:11 PM

  • After School Program Enrollment Begins Today
    August 31, 2015 1:11 PM

  • OILS Wills Clinic to be held in October
    August 31, 2015 1:06 PM

  • Strategic Planning Meeting to Address Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault in Our Community
    August 28, 2015 3:22 PM

    VICTIMS OF CRIME ACT (VOCA) AND DOMESTIC FAMILY VIOLENCE (DFV) PROGRAMS   Strategic Planning to Address Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault in “OUR” Community Friday, October 2, 2015 Wichita Tribal Complex, Community Center 8:30                        Registration 9:00–9:15               Welcome, […]

  • Support Group- Domestic Family Violence
    August 28, 2015 3:20 PM

  • Western Oklahoma Tribes Diabetes Summit 2015
    August 28, 2015 3:12 PM

    Watchetaker Hall, Comanche Complex 8:00 to 3:30pm “Healthy Generations: Renewing Traditional Sacred Lifestyles” Thursday, September 17th, 2015

In the Beginning: 1540-1750

"Wichita Memories" portrays the culture and history of the Wichita and Affiliated Tribes, whose ancestors have lived in the Central and Southern Plains since prehistoric times. These once numerous people are known to historians as the Wichitas, Wacos, Taovayas, Tawakonis, and Kichais.

"After the man and woman were made they dreamed that things were made for them, and when they woke they had the things of which they had dreamed . . . The woman was given an ear of corn . . . It was to be the food of the people that should exist in the future, to be used generation after generation." - Tawakoni Jim in The Mythology of the Wichita, 1904

Wichita legends tell us that the history of their people forms a cycle. With the world's creation, the gifts of corn and the bow and arrow were bestowed upon the people by the spirits of the first man and woman, Morning Star and the Moon. The cycle is complete with the days of darkness, when the earth becomes barren. Just as disaster seems eminent, the cycle begins again and the world is renewed through the new creation.

Archaeologists believe that the heritage of the Wichitas may be traced back at least 800 years to the Washita River culture of central and western Oklahoma. Living along fertile valleys, these people resided in small villages of rectangular, mud plastered houses. Nearby were small gardens where women tilled and weeded corn, beans, and squash with hoes of buffalo leg and shoulder bones. Buffalo, elk, deer, and small game were hunted. Wild plants were collected for foods, medicines, and rituals. Tools were made from readily available stone, wood, bone, and antler. Between A.D. 1350 and 1450, some Washita River people began to build larger villages with circular grass houses, some of which were fortified. Others apparently moved northward to the Great Bend of the Arkansas, a land known to later Spanish explorers as Quivira.

When first encountered by Francisco Vasquez de Coronado in 1541, the Quiviran ancestors of the Wichitas were following a way of life that continued into the eighteenth century. Near their large grass house villages, women tilled their gardens while the men hunted buffalo and other game. Trade was extensive and included commodities such as glazed paint pottery, turquoise pendants, and shell beads from the Puebloan villages of New Mexico as well as bois d'arc and engraved pottery from Caddo settlements of northeastern Texas.

With the Spanish settlement of New Mexico and the arrival of French hunters and traders in the Mississippi Valley, the lives of the Wichita were profoundly affected. By acquiring horses from the Spanish colonies, the Wichitas were to follow herds of buffalo over a much wider range and to hunt them more efficiently. From the French towns in Louisiana, metal hoes, guns, and buckets reached the Wichitas. In some cases, these goods were used by the Wichitas in their own daily tasks. However, others were used to maintain or establish trading ties with such recently arrived Southern Plains peoples as the Comanches.

Next: People of the Grass House