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  • Grade Incentive Award Deadline
    July 31, 2014

    Parents of children in grades 6th-12th may apply for the grade incentive award until July 31, 2014.  Please click here for more information.

  • Kitikiti'sh Scholarship Deadline
    July 31, 2014

    The deadline for the Kitikiti'sh Scholarship is July 31, 2104.  Please contact the Higher Education Program for more information. 

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    All Summer

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Wichita Language
ha:kwicis
money
More Wichita Words
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Wichita Tribes Blog

  • July 28, 2014 6:03 PM


  • July 28, 2014 6:02 PM

  • WTIDC-Accounting Technician
    July 28, 2014 6:01 PM

    Accounting Technician Requirements: Ability to work using Microsoft Office suite. Good accounting, mathematics, and interpersonal skills. Ability to organize, schedule and execute tasks effectively. Education: Associate’s degree in accounting related field from an accredited institution. Submit resumes to: Wichita Tribe Industrial Development Commission, P.O. BOX 682, Anadarko, OK 73005 or fax to 405-247-5160.

  • REFERENDUM ELECTION NOTICE AND DOCUMENTS INCLUDING SAMPLE BALLOTS & ELECTION PROCEDURES
    July 18, 2014 8:05 PM

    On Saturday July 19, 2014, a Referendum Election will be conducted at the Wichita Tribal Complex, 1 ¼ miles North of Anadarko, Oklahoma on Highway 281. The polling place will be located in the Museum area of the Wichita Tribal Cultural and Administration Building. Voting hours will be from 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. The […]

  • REFERENDUM ELECTION NOTICE AND DOCUMENTS INCLUDING SAMPLE BALLOTS & ELECTION PROCEDURES
    July 16, 2014 3:35 PM

    On Saturday July 19, 2014, a Referendum Election will be conducted at the Wichita Tribal Complex, 1 ¼ miles North of Anadarko, Oklahoma on Highway 281. The polling place will be located in the Museum area of the Wichita Tribal Cultural and Administration Building. Voting hours will be from 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. The […]

  • Wichita Tribe to Offer Transportation for Referendum Election
    July 16, 2014 2:51 PM

    The Wichita and Affiliated Tribes will be offering transportation to and from the Wichita Tribal Complex to allow enrolled tribal members 18 and over, who do not have transportation in the Gracemont/Anadarko area, the ability to vote in the Referendum Election. Children and non-enrolled individuals will not be allowed to accompany you in order to […]

  • Sugar Creek Casino-Job Posting
    July 14, 2014 8:07 PM

  • Oral Histories Panel-07/12/2014
    July 9, 2014 11:43 PM

    The Wichita Cultural Education Program has scheduled an Oral Histories Panel discussion to be held at 1:00pm, July 12, 2014. The panel will convene at the Administration On Aging Building, Wichita Tribal Complex which is located one mile north of Anadarko on HWY. 281 and one half mile west on Wichita Lane. The Panel will […]

  • REFERENDUM ELECTION NOTICE AND DOCUMENTS
    July 3, 2014 8:58 AM

    REFERENDUM ELECTION NOTICE AND DOCUMENTS INCLUDING SAMPLE BALLOTS & ELECTION PROCEDURES On Saturday July 19, 2014, a Referendum Election will be conducted at the Wichita Tribal Complex, 1 ¼ miles North of Anadarko, Oklahoma on Highway 281. The polling place will be located in the Museum area of the Wichita Tribal Cultural and Administration Building. […]

  • Wichita Tribal Newsletter-Will be Available July 7, 2014
    July 3, 2014 8:55 AM

    Due to various activities coming up that need to be in the newsletter such as the Annual Meeting, Referendum Election, Annual Dance Flyer and with this being a holiday week, the newsletter will not be out via email until Monday, July 7, 2014 and will be mailed out next week. Thank you for your understanding.

In the Beginning: 1540-1750

"Wichita Memories" portrays the culture and history of the Wichita and Affiliated Tribes, whose ancestors have lived in the Central and Southern Plains since prehistoric times. These once numerous people are known to historians as the Wichitas, Wacos, Taovayas, Tawakonis, and Kichais.

"After the man and woman were made they dreamed that things were made for them, and when they woke they had the things of which they had dreamed . . . The woman was given an ear of corn . . . It was to be the food of the people that should exist in the future, to be used generation after generation." - Tawakoni Jim in The Mythology of the Wichita, 1904

Wichita legends tell us that the history of their people forms a cycle. With the world's creation, the gifts of corn and the bow and arrow were bestowed upon the people by the spirits of the first man and woman, Morning Star and the Moon. The cycle is complete with the days of darkness, when the earth becomes barren. Just as disaster seems eminent, the cycle begins again and the world is renewed through the new creation.

Archaeologists believe that the heritage of the Wichitas may be traced back at least 800 years to the Washita River culture of central and western Oklahoma. Living along fertile valleys, these people resided in small villages of rectangular, mud plastered houses. Nearby were small gardens where women tilled and weeded corn, beans, and squash with hoes of buffalo leg and shoulder bones. Buffalo, elk, deer, and small game were hunted. Wild plants were collected for foods, medicines, and rituals. Tools were made from readily available stone, wood, bone, and antler. Between A.D. 1350 and 1450, some Washita River people began to build larger villages with circular grass houses, some of which were fortified. Others apparently moved northward to the Great Bend of the Arkansas, a land known to later Spanish explorers as Quivira.

When first encountered by Francisco Vasquez de Coronado in 1541, the Quiviran ancestors of the Wichitas were following a way of life that continued into the eighteenth century. Near their large grass house villages, women tilled their gardens while the men hunted buffalo and other game. Trade was extensive and included commodities such as glazed paint pottery, turquoise pendants, and shell beads from the Puebloan villages of New Mexico as well as bois d'arc and engraved pottery from Caddo settlements of northeastern Texas.

With the Spanish settlement of New Mexico and the arrival of French hunters and traders in the Mississippi Valley, the lives of the Wichita were profoundly affected. By acquiring horses from the Spanish colonies, the Wichitas were to follow herds of buffalo over a much wider range and to hunt them more efficiently. From the French towns in Louisiana, metal hoes, guns, and buckets reached the Wichitas. In some cases, these goods were used by the Wichitas in their own daily tasks. However, others were used to maintain or establish trading ties with such recently arrived Southern Plains peoples as the Comanches.

Next: People of the Grass House