Upcoming Events
  • Fitness Center Extends Hours
    Current Hours of Operation

    The Fitness Center hours of operation are 8:00 A.M. - 7:00 P.M. Monday-Thursday and 8:00 A.M. to 5:00 P.M. on Friday.  Closed on weekends.

  • Wills-Service Dates
    April 25th

    OCU has service dates seheduled for preparing Wills at their campus on April 25th. For more information please click here

  • College Applications
    Beginning April 1, 2014

    College applications for the fall 2014-spring 2015 semesters are now available. 

  • AoA Easter Activities
    April 16, 2014

    The AoA Program will have its Easter activites on Wednesday, April 16, 2014.  Please see the attached flyer for details. 

  • Elder Lawn Mowing Program
    April 1, 2014

    Applications for the Elder Lawn Mowing Program will be available on April 1, 2014.  Please click here for more information. 

  • Diabetes Education Sessions
    April 17, 24 and May 1 & 8, 2014

    Spring Diabetes Education Sessions 12:00 p.m. to 1:00 p.m. in Health Building.  Please click here for more information. 

  • Demographic Survey Deadline
    April 30, 2014

    The deadline to turn in the Demographic Surveys is April 30, 2014.  Tribal members, 18 and over, will recieve a $10 Walmart card for completing the survey. 

  • Annual General Council Meeting
    July 19, 2014

    Time and place to be announced at a later date.  Please make plans to attend.

  • Referendum Election
    July 19, 2014

    Details to be announced. Please make plans to vote in this tribal referendum election regarding absentee voting and blood quantum.  

  • Grade Incentive Award Deadline
    July 31, 2014

    Parents of children in grades 6th-12th may apply for the grade incentive award until July 31, 2014.  Please click here for more information.

Wichita Language
nahe:hah
river
More Wichita Words
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Wichita Tribes Blog
  • Senior Cap & Gown/ACT Test Fees
    April 14, 2014 7:45 PM

    Don’t forget that the Tribe has a tribal funded assistance program for enrolled Wichita youth in the 12th grade that can assist with Senior Cap & Gown and ACT Test Fees. Please contact the Education Department with any questions at (405) 247-2425 ext. 106 or 112 or email to yolanda.walker@wichitatribe.com or louisa.riffel@wichitatribe.com.

  • Demographic Survey
    April 14, 2014 7:44 PM

    We have received several of the Demographic Surveys back from tribal members. Please make sure to send yours in if you have not done so. We keep accepting them until April 30, 2014. This information will be used for future grants and business ventures. Please see the February 2014 newsletter for more details. Enrolled tribal […]

  • Graduate Pictures for Newsletter
    April 14, 2014 7:42 PM

    If you have an enrolled child that will be graduating in May, you are welcome to submit their picture an a brief write up for the newsletter. The deadline for the April 30, 2014 newsletter is April 20, 2014 and May 20, 2014 for the May newsletter. Please email to newsletter@wichitatribe.com.

  • Wichita Tribe Blog Posts
    April 14, 2014 7:42 PM

    Originally posted on wichitatribeblog:
    If you know anyone who doesn’t use social media but would like access to the blog posts they can visit http://www.wichitatribe.com. We have added the blog posts to the right hand side of the website.

  • Wichita Referendum Election to Be held July 19, 2014
    April 14, 2014 7:41 PM

    Originally posted on wichitatribeblog:
    A referendum election will be held on Saturday, July 19, 2014. Details will be announced at a later date. The January 2014 newsletter will provide more information regarding tribal member input. Please click here for the documents from the Referendum Election held in July 2013. You may submit comments to newsletter@wichitatribe.com…

  • http://www.nativetimes.com/index.php/news/tribal/9772-doi-approves-wichita-and-affliliated-tribes-hearth-agreement
    April 14, 2014 7:33 PM

    http://www.nativetimes.com/index.php/news/tribal/9772-doi-approves-wichita-and-affliliated-tribes-hearth-agreement

  • Graduate Pictures for Tribal Newsletter
    April 10, 2014 8:34 PM

    Originally posted on wichitatribeblog:
    If you have an enrolled child that will be graduating in May, you are welcome to submit their picture an a brief write up for the newsletter. The deadline for the April 30, 2014 newsletter is April 20, 2014 and May 20, 2014 for the May newsletter. Please email to newsletter@wichitatribe.com.

  • Graduate Incentives
    April 10, 2014 8:34 PM

    Originally posted on wichitatribeblog:
    Graduating High School Seniors may apply for the $100 incentive for graduating. College graduates also receive incentives for graduating. The amount depends on whether the degree is a Associates, Bachelors, Masters or PHD &JD. Please contact Yolanda Walker @ (405) 247-2425 ext. 106 or Louise Riffel @ (405) 247-2425 ext. 112…

  • Weather Emergency Preparedness Seminar-April 29, 2014
    April 10, 2014 8:29 PM

  • Assistant Secretary Approves Leasing Regulations for Wichita and Affiliated Tribes
    April 10, 2014 1:40 PM

    Press Release from DOI Assistant Secretary Washburn Approves Four HEARTH Act Applications to Help Spur Economic Development in Tribal Communities Dry Creek Rancheria, Jamestown S’Klallam, Mohegan, and Wichita and Affiliated Tribes join eight others already cleared to process economic development leases without BIA approval WASHINGTON, D.C. — Assistant Secretary – Indian Affairs Kevin K. Washburn […]

In the Beginning: 1540-1750

"Wichita Memories" portrays the culture and history of the Wichita and Affiliated Tribes, whose ancestors have lived in the Central and Southern Plains since prehistoric times. These once numerous people are known to historians as the Wichitas, Wacos, Taovayas, Tawakonis, and Kichais.

"After the man and woman were made they dreamed that things were made for them, and when they woke they had the things of which they had dreamed . . . The woman was given an ear of corn . . . It was to be the food of the people that should exist in the future, to be used generation after generation." - Tawakoni Jim in The Mythology of the Wichita, 1904

Wichita legends tell us that the history of their people forms a cycle. With the world's creation, the gifts of corn and the bow and arrow were bestowed upon the people by the spirits of the first man and woman, Morning Star and the Moon. The cycle is complete with the days of darkness, when the earth becomes barren. Just as disaster seems eminent, the cycle begins again and the world is renewed through the new creation.

Archaeologists believe that the heritage of the Wichitas may be traced back at least 800 years to the Washita River culture of central and western Oklahoma. Living along fertile valleys, these people resided in small villages of rectangular, mud plastered houses. Nearby were small gardens where women tilled and weeded corn, beans, and squash with hoes of buffalo leg and shoulder bones. Buffalo, elk, deer, and small game were hunted. Wild plants were collected for foods, medicines, and rituals. Tools were made from readily available stone, wood, bone, and antler. Between A.D. 1350 and 1450, some Washita River people began to build larger villages with circular grass houses, some of which were fortified. Others apparently moved northward to the Great Bend of the Arkansas, a land known to later Spanish explorers as Quivira.

When first encountered by Francisco Vasquez de Coronado in 1541, the Quiviran ancestors of the Wichitas were following a way of life that continued into the eighteenth century. Near their large grass house villages, women tilled their gardens while the men hunted buffalo and other game. Trade was extensive and included commodities such as glazed paint pottery, turquoise pendants, and shell beads from the Puebloan villages of New Mexico as well as bois d'arc and engraved pottery from Caddo settlements of northeastern Texas.

With the Spanish settlement of New Mexico and the arrival of French hunters and traders in the Mississippi Valley, the lives of the Wichita were profoundly affected. By acquiring horses from the Spanish colonies, the Wichitas were to follow herds of buffalo over a much wider range and to hunt them more efficiently. From the French towns in Louisiana, metal hoes, guns, and buckets reached the Wichitas. In some cases, these goods were used by the Wichitas in their own daily tasks. However, others were used to maintain or establish trading ties with such recently arrived Southern Plains peoples as the Comanches.

Next: People of the Grass House