Upcoming Events
  • Employee Weight Loss Challenge
    2/11/15-3/25/15

    The staff of the Wichita and Affiliated tribes and its enterprises are working toward a healthier personnel with the incentive of an employee weight loss challenge. More information about this can be found in this flyer

  • Native Teen Dance
    February 20, 2015

    The Wichita and Affiliated Tribes-Domestic Family Violence Program will host a Native Teen Dance on February 20, 2015.  For more information, see the flyer attached here

  • Family Style Bingo
    February 28, 2015

    The Wichita Service Club will host a Family Style Bingo on Saturday, February 28, 2015 at the Community Building on the tribal complex. For more information, please see the flyer attached here

  • Honor the Child Day
    April 23, 2015

    "Honor the Child Day"

    Parade & Children's Celebration

    April 23, 2015

    8:45 AM to 2:00 PM

    Beginning on E. Broadway & Ending At Oklahoma Street Junior High School Gym

    * Parade * KID-I-D-Kits * Moon bounce * *Cultural Educational Activities* Information Booths*

    Petting Zoo * Pony Rides * Face Painting* Children's Train Rides

    Ages 6 & Under are welcome!

    Prior Registration is necessary to receive accurate lunch count.

    Lunch & T-Shirts are provided.

    Information : 247-8621

    See the flyer here.

  • 2015 Annual General Council Meeting
    July 18, 2015

    2015 Annual General Council Meeting will be held on Saturday, July 18, 2015. More details to be posted later. 

  • Annual Dance
    August 13 – 16, 2015

    The Annual Dance this year will be August 13 - 16, 2015. More details to come.

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Wichita Tribes Blog
  • Job Application Class today!
    February 12, 2015 9:45 AM

  • Informational Meeting for Elders in the Community
    January 13, 2015 4:01 PM

  • Seeking Tribal Administrator
    January 13, 2015 12:15 PM

    The Wichita and Affiliated Tribes has an opening for the position of a Tribal Administrator. Under the supervision of the Wichita Executive Committee, position is responsible for the daily administration and overall operation of Tribal Programs. DUTIES: Responsible for the efficient operation of all tribal programs, submission of proposals for funding and implementation of the […]

  • Heart Health Awareness Day
    January 13, 2015 10:00 AM

  • NON-SMOKING POLICY BEGINS JANUARY 1, 2015
    December 30, 2014 10:29 PM

    On November 24, 2014, the Wichita Executive Committee, by a vote of 6-0-0, approved the Non-Smoking Policy for the Wichita Tribal Complex to be effective on January 1, 2015. The use of tobacco for traditional ceremonial purposes is exempt from this policy.

  • Certified Healthy Business
    December 30, 2014 10:28 PM

    On December 23, 2014, the Wichita and Affiliated Tribes received notification that it met the criteria of a Healthy Business. There are three levels of certification that include: basic, merit and excellence. Last year the Tribe received a Certificate of Merit. This year the Tribe earned a Certificate of Excellence. An awards luncheon will be […]


  • December 30, 2014 10:27 PM

  • New Year’s Eve Watch Scheduled
    December 29, 2014 10:45 AM

    The Wichita Little Sisters and the Wichita Young Men’s Society are sponsoring a New Year’s Eve Watch Night on December 31, 2014 at the newly renovated Wichita Community Building, Wichita Tribal Complex which is located one mile north of Anadarko on Hwy. 281 and one half mile west on Wichita Lane. The evening will begin […]

  • AoA Thanksgiving Dinner
    November 20, 2014 11:16 AM

    The elder Thanksgiving Dinner will begin at 11:40. All Native Americans aged 55 or older and their spouses, regardless of age, are eligible to come and enjoy this meal. See you there !

  • Bi Annual Health Screening
    November 13, 2014 2:25 PM

    Tomorrow!             Friday, November 14, 2014 10:30 am-1:00 pm at the Wichita Tribal Complex Community Building located 1.25 miles north on Hwy 281 in Anadarko. Flu shots will be available for Native Americans ages 18 and over, and will be administered by the AIHC Public Health Nurse. Screenings will be provided […]

In the Beginning: 1540-1750

"Wichita Memories" portrays the culture and history of the Wichita and Affiliated Tribes, whose ancestors have lived in the Central and Southern Plains since prehistoric times. These once numerous people are known to historians as the Wichitas, Wacos, Taovayas, Tawakonis, and Kichais.

"After the man and woman were made they dreamed that things were made for them, and when they woke they had the things of which they had dreamed . . . The woman was given an ear of corn . . . It was to be the food of the people that should exist in the future, to be used generation after generation." - Tawakoni Jim in The Mythology of the Wichita, 1904

Wichita legends tell us that the history of their people forms a cycle. With the world's creation, the gifts of corn and the bow and arrow were bestowed upon the people by the spirits of the first man and woman, Morning Star and the Moon. The cycle is complete with the days of darkness, when the earth becomes barren. Just as disaster seems eminent, the cycle begins again and the world is renewed through the new creation.

Archaeologists believe that the heritage of the Wichitas may be traced back at least 800 years to the Washita River culture of central and western Oklahoma. Living along fertile valleys, these people resided in small villages of rectangular, mud plastered houses. Nearby were small gardens where women tilled and weeded corn, beans, and squash with hoes of buffalo leg and shoulder bones. Buffalo, elk, deer, and small game were hunted. Wild plants were collected for foods, medicines, and rituals. Tools were made from readily available stone, wood, bone, and antler. Between A.D. 1350 and 1450, some Washita River people began to build larger villages with circular grass houses, some of which were fortified. Others apparently moved northward to the Great Bend of the Arkansas, a land known to later Spanish explorers as Quivira.

When first encountered by Francisco Vasquez de Coronado in 1541, the Quiviran ancestors of the Wichitas were following a way of life that continued into the eighteenth century. Near their large grass house villages, women tilled their gardens while the men hunted buffalo and other game. Trade was extensive and included commodities such as glazed paint pottery, turquoise pendants, and shell beads from the Puebloan villages of New Mexico as well as bois d'arc and engraved pottery from Caddo settlements of northeastern Texas.

With the Spanish settlement of New Mexico and the arrival of French hunters and traders in the Mississippi Valley, the lives of the Wichita were profoundly affected. By acquiring horses from the Spanish colonies, the Wichitas were to follow herds of buffalo over a much wider range and to hunt them more efficiently. From the French towns in Louisiana, metal hoes, guns, and buckets reached the Wichitas. In some cases, these goods were used by the Wichitas in their own daily tasks. However, others were used to maintain or establish trading ties with such recently arrived Southern Plains peoples as the Comanches.

Next: People of the Grass House