Upcoming Events
  • BIA TREES Pathways Program
    Apply by June 2015

    Tuition assistance, internships, and job placement, available to Native American and Alaska Native forestry and natural resources students. More information can be found in this flyer

  • 2015 Annual General Council Meeting
    July 18, 2015

    2015 Annual General Council Meeting will be held on Saturday, July 18, 2015. Agenda is posted on home page (to the left).

  • Annual Dance
    August 13 – 16, 2015

    The Annual Dance this year will be August 13 - 16, 2015. More details to come.

Wichita Language
icsirikwac
lips
More Wichita Words
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Wichita Tribes Blog
  • VACANCY ANNOUNCEMENT
    July 1, 2015 2:42 PM

    The Wichita and Affiliated Tribes are taking applications for a Tribal Funded Social Services Program Caseworker. More details in image.

  • SEEKING JUVENILE SERVICES PROGRAM DIRECTOR
    July 1, 2015 2:41 PM

  • New Book Available
    June 17, 2015 2:27 PM

    http://www.amazon.com/Wichita-Indians-People-Grass-House/dp/1939054419/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1434415073&sr=8-1&keywords=The+Wichita+Indians+Susan+Holland&pebp=1434415382468&perid=8CA941BDC84141B792EB

  • DIABETES WALK
    June 5, 2015 12:30 PM

  • ANNUAL DANCE
    June 5, 2015 10:44 AM

  • Fun Family Fitness Event in Lawton
    June 5, 2015 10:40 AM


  • June 5, 2015 10:38 AM

    According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), congenital CMV (cytomegalovirus) is the most common viral cause of birth defects and developmental disabilities in the US. Each year, 30,000 children (1 in 150) are born with congenital CMV, causing 400 deaths and leaving 8,000 (1 in 750) children with permanent disabilities. In Oklahoma alone, 1 in […]

  • RABIES CLINIC
    June 5, 2015 10:30 AM

  • White House to Host Tribal Youth Gathering
    May 12, 2015 12:23 PM

    WASHINGTON, DC – On Thursday, July 9, 2015, the White House will host the first-ever White House Tribal Youth Gathering in Washington, DC, to provide American Indian and Alaska Native youth from across the country the opportunity to interact directly with senior Administration officials and the White House Council on Native American Affairs. The Tribal […]

  • Summer Youth Program NOW ENROLLING
    May 12, 2015 11:05 AM

    The Wichita and Affiliated Tribes Juvenile Services Program will be hosting a Summer Youth Program for enrolled tribal members and descendants (descendants must provide proof of eligibility for example father/mother CDIB card or other documentation).  The program will focus on those between the ages 6 – 15 years old.  It will be hosted at the […]

In the Beginning: 1540-1750

"Wichita Memories" portrays the culture and history of the Wichita and Affiliated Tribes, whose ancestors have lived in the Central and Southern Plains since prehistoric times. These once numerous people are known to historians as the Wichitas, Wacos, Taovayas, Tawakonis, and Kichais.

"After the man and woman were made they dreamed that things were made for them, and when they woke they had the things of which they had dreamed . . . The woman was given an ear of corn . . . It was to be the food of the people that should exist in the future, to be used generation after generation." - Tawakoni Jim in The Mythology of the Wichita, 1904

Wichita legends tell us that the history of their people forms a cycle. With the world's creation, the gifts of corn and the bow and arrow were bestowed upon the people by the spirits of the first man and woman, Morning Star and the Moon. The cycle is complete with the days of darkness, when the earth becomes barren. Just as disaster seems eminent, the cycle begins again and the world is renewed through the new creation.

Archaeologists believe that the heritage of the Wichitas may be traced back at least 800 years to the Washita River culture of central and western Oklahoma. Living along fertile valleys, these people resided in small villages of rectangular, mud plastered houses. Nearby were small gardens where women tilled and weeded corn, beans, and squash with hoes of buffalo leg and shoulder bones. Buffalo, elk, deer, and small game were hunted. Wild plants were collected for foods, medicines, and rituals. Tools were made from readily available stone, wood, bone, and antler. Between A.D. 1350 and 1450, some Washita River people began to build larger villages with circular grass houses, some of which were fortified. Others apparently moved northward to the Great Bend of the Arkansas, a land known to later Spanish explorers as Quivira.

When first encountered by Francisco Vasquez de Coronado in 1541, the Quiviran ancestors of the Wichitas were following a way of life that continued into the eighteenth century. Near their large grass house villages, women tilled their gardens while the men hunted buffalo and other game. Trade was extensive and included commodities such as glazed paint pottery, turquoise pendants, and shell beads from the Puebloan villages of New Mexico as well as bois d'arc and engraved pottery from Caddo settlements of northeastern Texas.

With the Spanish settlement of New Mexico and the arrival of French hunters and traders in the Mississippi Valley, the lives of the Wichita were profoundly affected. By acquiring horses from the Spanish colonies, the Wichitas were to follow herds of buffalo over a much wider range and to hunt them more efficiently. From the French towns in Louisiana, metal hoes, guns, and buckets reached the Wichitas. In some cases, these goods were used by the Wichitas in their own daily tasks. However, others were used to maintain or establish trading ties with such recently arrived Southern Plains peoples as the Comanches.

Next: People of the Grass House