Upcoming Events
  • Breast Cancer Awareness Day
    October 24, 2014

    Wichita and Affiliated Tribes to host a Breast Cancer Awareness Day.  Please click here for the flyer. 

  • Juvenile Services-Logo Contest
    November 14, 2014

    Deadline for submission for Juvenile Logo Contest.

  • AoA Thanksgiving Dinner
    November 20, 2014

    The AoA Program will have its Thanksgiving Dinner on Thursday, November 20, 2014.  More details will be available at a later date. 

  • AoA Christmas Dinner
    December 18, 2014

    The AoA Program will have its Christmas Dinner on Thursday, December 18, 2014. More details will be available as the date approaches. 

Wichita Language
ka:ʔa:si:cʔa
ant
More Wichita Words
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Wichita Tribes Blog
  • ANADARKO PUBLIC SCHOOLS-IMPACT AID MEETING DECEMBER 8, 2014
    October 23, 2014 10:18 PM

    The Wichita and Affiliated Tribes has been notified that the Anadarko Public Schools will be adopting the Indian Policies and Procedures (IPP) on December 8, 2014 at 7:00 p.m. This will be during their regular meeting. If you are a Wichita tribal member or the parent of a Wichita tribal member in the Anadarko Public […]

  • Tribe Receives Funding for Wichita History Center
    October 16, 2014 10:09 PM

    The Housing and Urban Development Agency has issued the Notice Of Funding Awards for fiscal year 2014 for the Indian Community Development Block Grant (ICDBG) program. The Wichita and Affiliated Tribes has been awarded $800,000.00 to construct the Wichita Historical Center to be built north of Anadarko, Oklahoma as discussed in previous newsletters. The center […]

  • Wichita Housing Authority-Vacancies
    October 1, 2014 12:12 PM

    Maintenance Worker Small household repairs such as changing switches and receptacles, faucets, evaluating HVAC units and furnaces. Repairs of holes in walls and changing out damaged doors. Includes roof shingle corrections from storm damages. Grounds maintenance include. Presently have two openings. Salary depends on former experience $10 to $12.50 per hour. Security Officer Must be […]

  • WCEP Schedules Beadworking Workshop
    September 17, 2014 9:48 PM

    The Wichita Cultural Education Program (WCEP) will be sponsoring a Beadworking Workshop on September 28, 2014. The workshop will be held from 1:00 PM to 4:00 PM at the Portable Building, Wichita Tribal Complex which is located one mile north of Anadarko on Hwy. 281 and one half mile west on Wichita Lane. Participation is […]


  • September 15, 2014 2:47 PM

  • WCEP Schedules Archery Workshop For Wichita Youth
    September 15, 2014 2:46 PM

    The Wichita Cultural Education Program (WCEP) will be sponsoring an Archery Workshop at 1:00 PM on September 20, 2014. The instructor will be Mr. Kenneth Stephenson. Mr. Stephenson is an accomplished archer who has given demonstrations and participated in archery competitions for many years. The workshop will be held at the Portable building, Wichita Tribal […]


  • September 10, 2014 12:00 PM

  •  VACANCY ANNOUNCEMENT-Case Management Aide/Office Assistant
    September 10, 2014 11:59 AM

    The Wichita and Affiliated Tribes has an opening for a Case Management Aide/Office Assistant. Provides administrative support for the Indian Child Welfare programs; monitors budget expenditures; conducts intake interviews; performs homevisits; and manages supervised visitations. Qualifications:  Prefer Associates Degree in Sociology, Psychology, or related field and at least 3 years of general clerical and case […]

  • Wichita Child Development Center-5th Anniversary-09.13.14
    September 8, 2014 10:47 AM

  • Breast Cancer Awareness Event
    September 7, 2014 7:25 PM

Days of Darkness: 1820-1934

"Generation after generation the corn was to be used. And if the time should come that they planted corn and something else than corn came up, it would be a sign that the end of the world was at hand." - Tawakoni Jim in The Mythology of the Wichita, 1904

Although European settlements introduced new types of goods to the Wichitas, they also brought highly contagious diseases. At the same time, hostilities increased as eastern tribes were removed to Indian Territory. As such turmoil cast a lengthening shadow over the land, the Wichitas lost many people. In 1820, the once populous Wichitas, Wacos, Tawakonis, Taovayas, and Kichais were estimated at no more than 1400 persons. Truly the "days of darkness" had begun.

This trend continued even with the signing of the first American-Wichita treaty at Camp Holmes in 1835. There can be no doubt about the sincerity of the Wichitas who persuaded their Comanche allies to attend and sign this agreement which recognized their right to their traditional homeland. This treaty also contains the first official usage of the name "Wichita" for the Wichita, Waco, and Tawakoni people.

After the Texas Republic was established in 1836, the Wichitas were forced to defend their lands against the intrusions of white settlers. Not until 1855, after Texas joined the United States, was a reservation for the Wichitas established on the Brazos River. However, continued hostilities from neighboring settlers led to the Wichita removal from Texas to lands on the Washita River. There they joined their northern relatives in what is now west-central Oklahoma.

Although a reservation and agency were established, the Wichita people were not able to remain in this land. In 1863, they were forced by Confederate troops to leave their reservation and flee north to Kansas. While in Kansas from 1863 to 1867, the Wichitas had no land to farm and few friends to help them in their time of trouble. Many people starved. Others suffered from smallpox and cholera epidemics that swept through their villages. Only 822 people returned to Indian Territory in 1867.

Traditional Wichita religion encompassed a belief in the supernatural powers of elements of the earth and the sky. Animals often appeared to men in dreams or revelations to become lifelong guardian spirits.

Once settled on the reservation, some became members of the churches established by Christian missionaries. Others turned to the peyote religion, later chartered as the Native American Church, which combined elements of traditional and Christian beliefs. Many Wichitas took up the Ghost Dance religion of the 1890's. They believed in the prophecy of Wovoka, a Paiute from Walker Lake, Nevada. According to Wovoka, people would be reunited with their dead friends and relatives in a land of plentiful game where there would be neither sickness nor death.

Government agents worked to destroy the Ghost Dance religion as well as other elements of Wichita culture. Children were placed in boarding schools where they were forbidden to speak their own language. Even the reservation established in 1872 was not to remain theirs. Led by Tawakoni Jim, the Wichita resisted the breaking up of their assigned lands. However, in 1900 their reservation was divided into allotments of 160 acres per person with the remainder declared "surplus lands" and opened to settlement. Allotment brought about the final destruction of the Wichitas' grass house villages and their communal way of life.

Next: A New Beginning