Upcoming Events
  • Christmas Ham Gift Cards for Elders
    December 15-23, 2014

    Applications available November 1.  Gift cards for enrolled tribal elders 55 and over will be given out Decembeer 15-23, 2014. 

  • Winter Break Basketball Camp and Celebrities In Motion Exhibition Game
    December 22, 2014

    The Juvenile Services Program along with the Special Diabetes Program will be hosting a basketball camp for all Wichita tribal youth and employees youth, December 22, 2014 from 8:00am - 5:00pm at the ISCANI Gym. 

     

    We also have invited Celebrities in Motion, who are former NFL players to present Educational Out Reach "Making Good Choices For Now and the Future".   They will be explaining the importance of staying drug free and speak out about bullying. Part of their presentation will include partnering up and playing a basketball game with the participants.  This event will begin at 10:00am - 3:00pm.  Lunch will be provided.

     

    The Juvenile Services Program and Special Diabetes Program would like to order T-shirts for all who will be participating.  The t-shirts will be used as a ticket/pass into the event. 

     

    There is limited  space for this event so if you and your child would like to participate, please complete this from and return it to Juvenile Services by December 12.  Due to the limited amount of space I apologize for no late exceptions.

    Click above hyperlink or here for flyer and registration form

     

  • Cultural Craft and Activity Day Camp
    December 29-30, 2014

    Juvenile Services and Special Diabetes Programs are hosting a Cultural Craft and Physical Activity Day Camp on Monday, December 29, 2014 from 8am-5pm and Tuesday, December 30, 2014 from 8am-Noon. More information can be found here

Wichita Language
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Wichita Tribes Blog
  • AoA Thanksgiving Dinner
    November 20, 2014 11:16 AM

    The elder Thanksgiving Dinner will begin at 11:40. All Native Americans aged 55 or older and their spouses, regardless of age, are eligible to come and enjoy this meal. See you there !

  • Bi Annual Health Screening
    November 13, 2014 2:25 PM

    Tomorrow!             Friday, November 14, 2014 10:30 am-1:00 pm at the Wichita Tribal Complex Community Building located 1.25 miles north on Hwy 281 in Anadarko. Flu shots will be available for Native Americans ages 18 and over, and will be administered by the AIHC Public Health Nurse. Screenings will be provided […]

  • Walk Your Mocs
    November 13, 2014 9:42 AM

    For Diabetes Awareness Month and “ROCK YOUR MOCS”, the Special Diabetes Program is hosting a Diabetes Awareness Walk and Rock Your Mocs Contest. It will be held this Saturday, November 15, 2014. Registration begins at 9 with the walk scheduled from 10-2. Free Health screens will be provided and all participants will receive a T-shirt […]

  • ANADARKO PUBLIC SCHOOLS-IMPACT AID MEETING DECEMBER 8, 2014
    October 23, 2014 10:18 PM

    The Wichita and Affiliated Tribes has been notified that the Anadarko Public Schools will be adopting the Indian Policies and Procedures (IPP) on December 8, 2014 at 7:00 p.m. This will be during their regular meeting. If you are a Wichita tribal member or the parent of a Wichita tribal member in the Anadarko Public […]

  • Tribe Receives Funding for Wichita History Center
    October 16, 2014 10:09 PM

    The Housing and Urban Development Agency has issued the Notice Of Funding Awards for fiscal year 2014 for the Indian Community Development Block Grant (ICDBG) program. The Wichita and Affiliated Tribes has been awarded $800,000.00 to construct the Wichita Historical Center to be built north of Anadarko, Oklahoma as discussed in previous newsletters. The center […]

  • Wichita Housing Authority-Vacancies
    October 1, 2014 12:12 PM

    Maintenance Worker Small household repairs such as changing switches and receptacles, faucets, evaluating HVAC units and furnaces. Repairs of holes in walls and changing out damaged doors. Includes roof shingle corrections from storm damages. Grounds maintenance include. Presently have two openings. Salary depends on former experience $10 to $12.50 per hour. Security Officer Must be […]

  • WCEP Schedules Beadworking Workshop
    September 17, 2014 9:48 PM

    The Wichita Cultural Education Program (WCEP) will be sponsoring a Beadworking Workshop on September 28, 2014. The workshop will be held from 1:00 PM to 4:00 PM at the Portable Building, Wichita Tribal Complex which is located one mile north of Anadarko on Hwy. 281 and one half mile west on Wichita Lane. Participation is […]


  • September 15, 2014 2:47 PM

  • WCEP Schedules Archery Workshop For Wichita Youth
    September 15, 2014 2:46 PM

    The Wichita Cultural Education Program (WCEP) will be sponsoring an Archery Workshop at 1:00 PM on September 20, 2014. The instructor will be Mr. Kenneth Stephenson. Mr. Stephenson is an accomplished archer who has given demonstrations and participated in archery competitions for many years. The workshop will be held at the Portable building, Wichita Tribal […]


  • September 10, 2014 12:00 PM

Days of Darkness: 1820-1934

"Generation after generation the corn was to be used. And if the time should come that they planted corn and something else than corn came up, it would be a sign that the end of the world was at hand." - Tawakoni Jim in The Mythology of the Wichita, 1904

Although European settlements introduced new types of goods to the Wichitas, they also brought highly contagious diseases. At the same time, hostilities increased as eastern tribes were removed to Indian Territory. As such turmoil cast a lengthening shadow over the land, the Wichitas lost many people. In 1820, the once populous Wichitas, Wacos, Tawakonis, Taovayas, and Kichais were estimated at no more than 1400 persons. Truly the "days of darkness" had begun.

This trend continued even with the signing of the first American-Wichita treaty at Camp Holmes in 1835. There can be no doubt about the sincerity of the Wichitas who persuaded their Comanche allies to attend and sign this agreement which recognized their right to their traditional homeland. This treaty also contains the first official usage of the name "Wichita" for the Wichita, Waco, and Tawakoni people.

After the Texas Republic was established in 1836, the Wichitas were forced to defend their lands against the intrusions of white settlers. Not until 1855, after Texas joined the United States, was a reservation for the Wichitas established on the Brazos River. However, continued hostilities from neighboring settlers led to the Wichita removal from Texas to lands on the Washita River. There they joined their northern relatives in what is now west-central Oklahoma.

Although a reservation and agency were established, the Wichita people were not able to remain in this land. In 1863, they were forced by Confederate troops to leave their reservation and flee north to Kansas. While in Kansas from 1863 to 1867, the Wichitas had no land to farm and few friends to help them in their time of trouble. Many people starved. Others suffered from smallpox and cholera epidemics that swept through their villages. Only 822 people returned to Indian Territory in 1867.

Traditional Wichita religion encompassed a belief in the supernatural powers of elements of the earth and the sky. Animals often appeared to men in dreams or revelations to become lifelong guardian spirits.

Once settled on the reservation, some became members of the churches established by Christian missionaries. Others turned to the peyote religion, later chartered as the Native American Church, which combined elements of traditional and Christian beliefs. Many Wichitas took up the Ghost Dance religion of the 1890's. They believed in the prophecy of Wovoka, a Paiute from Walker Lake, Nevada. According to Wovoka, people would be reunited with their dead friends and relatives in a land of plentiful game where there would be neither sickness nor death.

Government agents worked to destroy the Ghost Dance religion as well as other elements of Wichita culture. Children were placed in boarding schools where they were forbidden to speak their own language. Even the reservation established in 1872 was not to remain theirs. Led by Tawakoni Jim, the Wichita resisted the breaking up of their assigned lands. However, in 1900 their reservation was divided into allotments of 160 acres per person with the remainder declared "surplus lands" and opened to settlement. Allotment brought about the final destruction of the Wichitas' grass house villages and their communal way of life.

Next: A New Beginning