Upcoming Events
  • Thanksgiving Gift Cards for Elders
    November 17-26, 2014

    Applications available November 1, 2014.  Gift cards for enrolled tribal elders 55 and over beginning November 17 thru November 26. 

  • Elder Payments for FY-2015
    December 10, 2014

    Applications will be available November 3.  November 28 deadline for checks to be ready on December 10, 2014.  Enrolled tribal elders 55 and over are eligible to apply. 

  • Christmas Ham Gift Cards for Elders
    December 15-23, 2014

    Applications available November 1.  Gift cards for enrolled tribal elders 55 and over will be given out Decembeer 15-23, 2014. 

  • AoA Christmas Dinner
    December 18, 2014

    The AoA Program will have its Christmas Dinner on Thursday, December 18, 2014. More details will be available as the date approaches. 

Wichita Language
ha:kwicis
money
More Wichita Words
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Wichita Tribes Blog
  • AoA Thanksgiving Dinner
    November 20, 2014 11:16 AM

    The elder Thanksgiving Dinner will begin at 11:40. All Native Americans aged 55 or older and their spouses, regardless of age, are eligible to come and enjoy this meal. See you there !

  • Bi Annual Health Screening
    November 13, 2014 2:25 PM

    Tomorrow!             Friday, November 14, 2014 10:30 am-1:00 pm at the Wichita Tribal Complex Community Building located 1.25 miles north on Hwy 281 in Anadarko. Flu shots will be available for Native Americans ages 18 and over, and will be administered by the AIHC Public Health Nurse. Screenings will be provided […]

  • Walk Your Mocs
    November 13, 2014 9:42 AM

    For Diabetes Awareness Month and “ROCK YOUR MOCS”, the Special Diabetes Program is hosting a Diabetes Awareness Walk and Rock Your Mocs Contest. It will be held this Saturday, November 15, 2014. Registration begins at 9 with the walk scheduled from 10-2. Free Health screens will be provided and all participants will receive a T-shirt […]

  • ANADARKO PUBLIC SCHOOLS-IMPACT AID MEETING DECEMBER 8, 2014
    October 23, 2014 10:18 PM

    The Wichita and Affiliated Tribes has been notified that the Anadarko Public Schools will be adopting the Indian Policies and Procedures (IPP) on December 8, 2014 at 7:00 p.m. This will be during their regular meeting. If you are a Wichita tribal member or the parent of a Wichita tribal member in the Anadarko Public […]

  • Tribe Receives Funding for Wichita History Center
    October 16, 2014 10:09 PM

    The Housing and Urban Development Agency has issued the Notice Of Funding Awards for fiscal year 2014 for the Indian Community Development Block Grant (ICDBG) program. The Wichita and Affiliated Tribes has been awarded $800,000.00 to construct the Wichita Historical Center to be built north of Anadarko, Oklahoma as discussed in previous newsletters. The center […]

  • Wichita Housing Authority-Vacancies
    October 1, 2014 12:12 PM

    Maintenance Worker Small household repairs such as changing switches and receptacles, faucets, evaluating HVAC units and furnaces. Repairs of holes in walls and changing out damaged doors. Includes roof shingle corrections from storm damages. Grounds maintenance include. Presently have two openings. Salary depends on former experience $10 to $12.50 per hour. Security Officer Must be […]

  • WCEP Schedules Beadworking Workshop
    September 17, 2014 9:48 PM

    The Wichita Cultural Education Program (WCEP) will be sponsoring a Beadworking Workshop on September 28, 2014. The workshop will be held from 1:00 PM to 4:00 PM at the Portable Building, Wichita Tribal Complex which is located one mile north of Anadarko on Hwy. 281 and one half mile west on Wichita Lane. Participation is […]


  • September 15, 2014 2:47 PM

  • WCEP Schedules Archery Workshop For Wichita Youth
    September 15, 2014 2:46 PM

    The Wichita Cultural Education Program (WCEP) will be sponsoring an Archery Workshop at 1:00 PM on September 20, 2014. The instructor will be Mr. Kenneth Stephenson. Mr. Stephenson is an accomplished archer who has given demonstrations and participated in archery competitions for many years. The workshop will be held at the Portable building, Wichita Tribal […]


  • September 10, 2014 12:00 PM

Wichita-Pawnee Visitation

The Wichita-Pawnee Visitation is perhaps the longest running tradition carried on by two Tribes in the lower 48 states. It has been going on continuously for well over a century and there is some scientific evidence as well as oral tradition that the visitation is several centuries old.

Linquistically, the Wichita and Pawnee are from one language family, accordingly, they were in the past, one people. It is estimated that a separation occurred about 800 to 1200 years ago and consequently, the languages developed differently from that point and the two Tribes, it seems, became unknown to one another. Sometime after that, contact was re-established and according to oral tradition the relationship was renewed.

As it is conducted today, the visitation consists of a traditional encampment with the Wichitas being the hosts in odd numbered years and the Pawnees being the hosts in even numbered years. The encampment usually lasts about ten days.

The visitation is initiated in the spring of each year when the leaders of each Tribe confer and decide when the visit will begin. Historically, the date set is around the middle of July.

From the Wichita perspective, on the day the visitation is to begin (which is usually a Wednesday) the Wichitas will meet at a place selected by the Wichita Tobacco Man for a tobacco making ceremony and a communal meal. Once the men conclude the ceremony and the meal is eaten, the group leaves for Pawnee, OK. Upon arrival in Pawnee no one proceeds to the site of the visitation until the Wichita leaders deliver the tobacco to the Pawnee Tobacco Man and it is accepted by him. At that time the Wichita leaders return to the group and leads them to the campground. Everyone then proceeds to set up their camps. That evening the Pawnees will provide a meal. When all of the food has been placed on the tables near the center of the arena, the Pawnee leader will come to the Wichita camp and invite the visitors over to the arena. Once everyone is gathered for the meal, the Pawnee leader will get up and give a talk about the visitation and welcome the visitors and then give a prayer or select one of the Pawnee men to give the prayer. Then the wife or female relative of the Pawnee leader will select the women who will serve the meal. The Wichita men will line up first, then the Wichita women followed by the Pawnee men and lastly the Pawnee women.

After the meal, the Wichita leader or a designee gets up and thanks the Pawnees and offers some remarks about the visitation and everyone is dismissed. Thus begins a cycle which includes breakfasts, lunches, and evening meals provided by various members of the host Tribe. And usually, a handgame is held every evening accept for the first evening and the evening prior to the Giveaway Day.

Along about the third day of the visitation, the Pawnee leader will set the day for the tobacco ceremony which is conducted by the men of both Tribes. On the day of the ceremony the Pawnee leader will come to the Wichita camp to invite the Wichita men to come to the special place which has been selected to hold the ceremony. At the ceremony each man is given the opportunity to express themselves; the tobacco which was delivered by the Wichita will be ritually opened and smoked by all the men present in a pipe ceremony. Upon the opening of the tobacco the Pawnee men present will make monetary donations and the date for the giveaway will be set. After everyone has smoked, the man handling the pipe will go outside the circle and offer a prayer. Then a meal is shared, Wichita thank yous are given and the ceremony is concluded.

Giveaway Day begins with a noon meal. When all the food has been placed on the tables in the arena, the Pawnee leader will come to the Wichita camp to invite them to the meal. The set-up is different from the other mealn in that separate tables are set for the Wichita and Pawnee respectively. The Wichita women serve the Wichitas and the Pawnee women serve the Pawnees. Once everyone is gathered at the danceground the Pawnee leader gets up and addresses the gathering, first speaking to the Wichita people and then to his own people. At the conclusion of his speech he will select someone to pray for the meal and the activities that follow. Sometimes he will turn the meal over to the Wichitas and the Wichita leader will dispense wiht these duties. When the meal is finished, the Wichita leader speaks to the gathering, expressing his thoughts about the visitation and giving his thanks for the meal and for everything the Pawnees have done for his people. After his talkeveryone is dismissed so that things can be made ready for the giveaway.

The giveaway customarily begins with a series of round dance songs then a wardance song is sung for the Pawnee leader and then for his helpers.Other Pawnees may request songs or else they just get up and giveaway during any of the wardance songs. When the Pawnees are done, the drum is turned over to the Wichitas. The first song sung by the Wichitas is called the Thank You song. Then songs are sung for the Wichita leader, his helpers and any other Wichita that requests one.

After each song , the Wichita who requested the song announces his/her pledge for the next year when the Pawnees come to visit the Wichitas.

Once the pledges are completed the drum is turned back to the Pawnees who conclude the program with a prayer song. Ther are no activities scheduled for the evening.

The next morning the Wichitas break camp, making a special effort to leave the camp area in the same condition as when they arrived.When everyone is packed up and ready to go, they will get in their vehicles and line up near the dance arena. Then the men of the two Tribes will line up in the arena facing each other and say their thank yous and good-byes. At the conclusion of the talks a prayer song is sung. Then all the Wichita women and children can go among the Pawnees present to say their thank yous and good-byes. Thus, the visitation is concluded until next year when the Pawnees come to visit the Wichitas.